2born (2born) wrote,
2born
2born

Как постичь фрактальную размерность через настольные игры с сопротивлениями

Fractals on a benchtop: Observing fractal dimension in a resistor network: https://arxiv.org/abs/2107.02322
Charles E. Creffield
Our first experience of dimension typically comes in the intuitive Euclidean sense: a line is one dimensional, a plane is two-dimensional, and a volume is three-dimensional. However, following the work of Mandelbrot \cite{mandelbrot}, systems with a fractional dimension, ``fractals'', now play an important role in science. The novelty of encountering fractional dimension, and the intrinsic beauty of many fractals, have a strong appeal to students and provide a powerful teaching tool. I describe here a low-cost and convenient experimental method for observing fractal dimension, by measuring the power-law scaling of the resistance of a fractal network of resistors. The experiments are quick to perform, and the students enjoy both the construction of the network and the collaboration required to create the largest networks. Learning outcomes include analysis of resistor networks beyond the elementary series and parallel combinations, scaling laws, and an introduction to fractional dimension.
Tags: Мегаучебник или Что я читал и похвалил, образование, популяризация, разгребая arXiv'ы, техника
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