A Pedagogical Introduction to Holographic Hadrons: https://arxiv.org/abs/2106.13136
Sophia K Domokos, Robert Bell, Trinh La, Patrick Mazza
String theory's holographic QCD duality makes predictions for hadron physics by building models that live in five-dimensional (5D) curved space. In this pedagogical note, we explain how finding the hadron mass spectrum in these models amounts to finding the eigenvalues of a time-independent, one-dimensional Schroedinger equation. Changing the structure of the 5D curved space is equivalent to altering the potential in the Schroedinger equation, which in turn alters the hadron spectrum. We illustrate this concept with three holographic QCD models possessing exact analogs in basic quantum mechanics: the free particle, the infinite square well, and the harmonic oscillator. In addition to making aspects of holographic QCD accessible to undergraduates, this formulation can provide students with intuition for the meaning of curved space. This paper is intended primarily as a tool for researchers interested in involving early-stage undergraduates in research, but is also a suitable introduction to elements of holographic QCD for advanced undergraduate- and beginning graduate students with some knowledge of general relativity and classical field theory.
Comments: 12 pages, 4 figures, a slightly revised version has been submitted to the European Journal of Physics