Timothy H. Boyer
Here we review the understanding of the classical hydrogen atom in classical electromagnetic zero-point radiation, and emphasize the importance of special relativity. The crucial missing ingredient in earlier calculational attempts (both numerical and analytic) is the use of valid approximations to the full relativistic analysis. It is pointed out that the nonrelativistic time Fourier expansion coefficients given by Landau and Lifshitz are in error as the electromagnetic description of a charged particle in a Coulomb potential, and, because of this error, Marshall and Claverie's conclusion regarding the failure of radiation balance is invalid. Rather, using Marshall and Claverie's calculations, but restricted to lowest nonvanishing order in the orbital eccentricity (where the nonrelativistic orbit is a valid approximation to the fully relativistic electromagnetic orbit) radiation balance for classical electromagnetic zero-point radiation is shown to hold at the fundamental frequencies and associated first overtones.
Comments: 31 pages
Subjects: Classical Physics (physics.class-ph); History and Philosophy of Physics (physics.hist-ph); Quantum Physics (quant-ph)
Journal reference: European Journal of Physics 42, 025205(22) (2021)