2born (2born) wrote,

Японцы сделали позитронно-эмиссионную томографию, использующую два разных изотопа

Image reconstruction method for dual-isotope positron emission tomography: https://arxiv.org/abs/2102.00612
Tomonori Fukuchi, Mika Shigeta, Hiromitsu Haba, Daiki Mori, Takuya Yokokita, Yukiko Komori, Seiichi Yamamoto, Yasuyoshi Watanabe
We developed a positron emission tomography (PET) system for multiple-isotope imaging. Our PET system, named multiple-isotope PET (MI-PET), can distinguish between different tracer nuclides using coincidence measurement of prompt gamma-rays, which are emitted after positron emission. In MI-PET imaging with a pure positron emitter and prompt-gamma emitter, because of the imperfectness of prompt gamma-ray detection, an image for a pure positron emitter taken by MI-PET is superposed by a positron-{\gamma} emitter. Therefore, in order to make isolated images of the pure positron emitter, we developed image reconstruction methods based on data subtraction specific to MI-PET. We tested two methods, subtraction between reconstructed images and subtraction between sinogram data. In both methods, normalization for position dependence of the prompt {\gamma}-ray sensitivity is required in addition to detector sensitivity normalization. For these normalizations, we performed normalization scans using cylindrical phantoms of the positron-gamma emitters Sc-44m and Na-22. A long period measurement using the activity decay of Sc-44m (Half-life 58.6 hours) elucidated that the acquisition ratio between the prompt gamma-rays coincided with PET event and pure PET event changes on the basis of object activities. Therefore, we developed a correction method that involves subtraction parameters dependent on the activities, i.e., the counting rate. From analysis of dual-tracer phantom images, data subtraction in the sinogram data with sensitivity correction gives a higher quality of isolated images for the pure positron emitter than those from image subtractions. Furthermore, from dual-isotope (F-18-FDG and Sc-44m) mouse imaging, we concluded that our developed method can be used for practical imaging of a living organism.
Comments: 17 pages, 12 figures
Tags: Мегаучебник или Что я читал и похвалил, медицинская физика, разгребая arXiv'ы, техника

  • Post a new comment


    default userpic

    Your reply will be screened

    Your IP address will be recorded 

    When you submit the form an invisible reCAPTCHA check will be performed.
    You must follow the Privacy Policy and Google Terms of use.