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Экситоны и уравнение Бете-Солпитера

The Bethe-Salpeter Equation Formalism: From Physics to Chemistry: https://arxiv.org/abs/2006.09440
Xavier Blase, Ivan Duchemin, Denis Jacquemin, Pierre-François Loos

The many-body Green's function Bethe-Salpeter equation (BSE) formalism is steadily asserting itself as a new efficient and accurate tool in the ensemble of computational methods available to chemists in order to predict optical excitations in molecular systems. In particular, the combination of the so-called GW approximation of many-body perturbation theory, giving access to reliable ionization energies and electron affinities, and the BSE formalism, able to model UV/Vis spectra by catching excitonic effects, has shown to provide accurate singlet excitation energies in many chemical scenarios with a typical error of 0.1--0.3 eV. With a similar computational cost as time-dependent density-functional theory (TD-DFT), the BSE formalism is able to provide an accuracy on par with the most accurate global and range-separated hybrid functionals without the unsettling choice of the exchange-correlation functional, resolving further known issues (e.g., charge-transfer excitations) and offering a well-defined path to dynamical kernels. In this \textit{Perspective} article, we provide a historical overview of the BSE formalism, with a particular focus on its condensed-matter roots. We also propose a critical review of its strengths and weaknesses in different chemical situations. Future directions of developments and improvements are also discussed.
Comments: 13 pages, 3 figures, invited Perspective article
Tags: Мегаучебник или Что я читал и похвалил, разгребая arXiv'ы
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