Pedal coordinates, solar sail orbits, Dipole drive and other force problems: https://arxiv.org/abs/2005.05767
It was shown that pedal coordinates provides natural framework in which to study force problems of classical mechanics in the plane. A trajectory of a test particle under the influence of central and Lorentz-like forces can be translated into pedal coordinates at once without the need of solving any differential equation. We will generalize this result to cover more general force laws and also show an advantage of pedal coordinates in certain variational problems. These will enable us to link together many dynamical systems as well as problems of calculus of variation. Finally -- as an illustrative example -- we will apply obtained results to compute orbits of Solar sail and Dipole drive.